IRGC

2 May 1979
Tehran, Joint Staff Headquarters, Pirouzi St, Hejrat Boulevard
1 Mar 2020
image/svg+xml ExpediencyDiscernmentCouncil SupremeLeader'sOffice GuardianCouncil Judiciary ExecutivePower Parliament Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran General Staff ofArmed Forces Army IRGC Police(NAJA) Assembly of Expertsfor Leadership Supreme NationalSecurity Council Supreme Councilfor Cyberspace Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution IRIB
Mohammad  Kazemi  Seyed Yousof  Molaei Andbil Parviz  Absalan Gholamali Abu Hamzeh Shapour Ahmadi Esmail  Ahmadi Moghaddam Ali Mohammad Akbari Ahmad Alam al-Hoda Ehsan  Alizadeh Fayaz Allahyari Hossein  Almasi Seyed Saeid Reza Ameli Renani Ahmad  Amirabadi Farahani Abouzar Anvari Hossein Ashtari Hassan Askari Karim Babaei Hossein Bagheri Ali Mohammad Besharati Jahromi Mojtaba Fada Vahid Fakhroddin Parviz  Fattah Ali  Fazli Mohammad Forouzandeh Mohammad Bagher  Ghalibaf Gholamhossein		 Gheib Parvar Seyed Hashem Ghiasi Hossein Habibi  Seyed Vahid Haghanian Amir Ali Hajizadeh Alireza Heidarnia Seyed Mohammad Hejazi Ali Hemmatian Sadegh Hosseini Hadi Ilka Yadollah    Javani Seyed Massoud Jazayeri Rashid Kaboudvandi Behrouz Kamalian Mohammad Karami Seyed Ali Khamenei Abdollah  Kheiranpour Mehdi  Kheiripour Alireza Kheradmand Abedin  Khorram Mohammad Esmaeil  Kowsari Hedayat  Lotfian Sadegh  Mahsooli Sadegh Maniat Hossein  Maroofi Hamidreza Moghaddam far Mohsen Mohammadi Araki Seyed Solat Mortazavi Babaheidari Heydar Moslehi Seyyed Nezamoldin  Mousavi Mohammad Reza  Naqdi Mohammad Ali  Nazari Mohammad  Pakpour  Gholamhossein Ramezani Ali Razini Ali Razmjou Sabzevar Rezaee Mirghaed Hassan Rouhani Mohammad Sadeghi Ali Saeedi Shahroudi Hojjatollah  Safarpour Massoud  Safdari Hossein  Sajedi Nai Hossein Salami Khodarahm Sarani Ahmad Shafaei Hassan  Shahvarpour Ali Shamkhani Hossein  Shariatmadari Gholamreza Soleimani Yadollah Soleimani Hossein Taeb Hossein Tala Mansour Valiei Majid Zanjani Ezzatollah  Zarghami Mohammad Hossein				 Zibaei Nezhad
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The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) is one of the three main branches of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic that operate under the command of the Leader of the Islamic Republic (who also holds the position of the Commander in Chief). The IRGC was formally formed as a military organisation on 2 May, 1979, by order of Ruhollah Khomeini to the Islamic Revolutionary Council. However, the Revolutionary Guard began their activities, prior to the official announcement of its existence, upon  victory of the revolution. 

Immediately after the revolution was won, Hassan Lahouti was ordered by Khomeini to form an armed force to exercise the rule of the interim government. From the very beginning, the purpose of establishing this institution was to strengthen the power of the religious factions involved in the revolution, and to suppress rival revolutionary forces and groups, especially leftist forces and revolutionary organizations in the border areas of the country. With the drafting of the constitution in November 1979, the position of the IRGC as one of the main branches of the armed forces was established in Article 150:

"The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, which was formed in the first days of the victory of this revolution, will continue to play its role in guarding the revolution and its achievements."

The Revolutionary Guard consists of five main forces: The Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the Quds Force, and the Basij Organization. 

Over the past four decades, the Revolutionary Guard has been a major force in the suppression of Iranian women religious, ethnic, and gender minorities, political opposition, journalists, civil, cultural, and human rights activists. Their participation in the crackdown on popular protests in Iran has killed hundreds. The IRGC has played a key role in detaining, torturing, and obtaining forced and false confessions from political and civil activists, journalists, and ordinary citizens. Hundreds of political prisoners in Ward 2A of Evin Prison, which is run by the Revolutionary Guards Intelligence Organization, have also been subjected to severe pressure and torture to extract forced confessions and participation in Revolutionary Guards security scenarios. 

In addition to its repressive role, it has expanded its economic activities over the past three decades, under the pretext of implementing development, reconstruction and relief projects. It has become Iran's most influential economic mafia. Using military and security power and putting pressure on rivals, the IRGC gains the exclusive privilege of many lucrative economic projects. The Revolutionary Guards have also been directly involved in dozens of terrorist operations around the world through its Quds Force, which was under the command of Qassim Soleimani until 2019. This organization was blacklisted as a terrorist organization by the United States on April 10, 2017. The current commander of the Revolutionary Guards is Hossein Salami.

 
These violations may only be part of the human rights violations in which this institution has been involved. The investigation into the human rights record of this institution continues.