Sadegh Amoli Larijani

Sadegh Amoli Larijani
صادق آملی لاریجانی
1960
Najaf, Iraq
Male
Seminary
Yes
Alive
9 Dec 2020
image/svg+xml ExpediencyDiscernmentCouncil SupremeLeader'sOffice GuardianCouncil Judiciary ExecutivePower Parliament Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran General Staff ofArmed Forces Army IRGC Police(NAJA) Assembly of Expertsfor Leadership Supreme NationalSecurity Council Supreme Councilfor Cyberspace Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution IRIB
  • Member of the Guardian Council, National (2005 - Aug 2009)
  • Head of Judiciary, National (Aug 2009 - Mar 2018)
    • Human Rights Violation: Execution of political prisoners (Aug 2009 - Mar 2018) read more
      Institution
      Judiciary
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to life
      Description

      Since all death sentences and amputations must be approved by the head of the judiciary, Sadegh Larijani has been the main official responsible for executing these sentences since August 2009. Deuring Sadegh Larijani tenure, the issuance and execution of death sentences for both political prisoners and prisoners on other charges has significantly increased. Among the political prisoners executed are: 

      Farzad Kamangar, 

      Ali Heydarian, 

      Farhad Vakili, 

      Shirin Alamoholi, 

      Mehdi Islamian, 

      Jafar Kazemi 

      Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, 

      Taha (Ali) Heydarian, 

      Nasser (Abdolrahman) Heydarian, 

      Abbas Heydarian, 

      Ali Sharifi, 

      Shirko Maarefi 

      Habibaullah Golparipour

      Sources

      10-year record of Sadegh Larijani; Islamic Republic’s Warden, Radio Farda, March 2017

      https://www.radiofarda.com/a/Iran-judiciary-at-larijani-era/29809218.html

      ٖ- Back up link

      Statistics of executions during the time of Sadegh Larijani, Million site, August 2017

      https://melliun.org/iran/212976

      ٖ- Back up link

      Sadegh Larijani: Protest against execution is a violation of Islamic law, Deutsche Welle, October 2012

      https://www.dw.com/fa-ir/%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%82-%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B6-%D8%A8%D9%87-%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D8%A8%D9%87-%D9%82%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C%D9%86-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA/a-16312743

       ٖ- Back up link

      Legal Developments

      In April 2012, the European Union placed Sadegh Amoli Larijani on its human rights sanctions list for his role in widespread and gross violations of the rights of Iranian citizens. Under the decision, Larijani will be barred from entering the union and all his assets will be confiscated in Europe. His key role in detention of political activists and human rights defenders, executions, flogging, amputation and stoning are among the reasons for his sanctions mentioned in the EU statement.

      On 13 January, 2017, the US Treasury Department, referring to the important role of Sadegh Amoli Larijani as the head of the judiciary in violating the rights of Iranian citizens, approving the execution of children and the implementation of inhuman and degrading punishments such as amputation, put Larijani on the US list of human rights sanctions. According to this decision, Sadegh Amoli Larijani's assets will be confiscated in the United States and he will be prevented from entering the country. 

    • Human Rights Violation: Secret mass execution of prisoners (Aug 2009 - Mar 2018) read more
      Institution
      Judiciary
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to life
      Description

      Since all death and amputation sentences must be approved by the head of the judiciary, Sadegh Larijani has been the main official in charge of executing these sentences since August 2009. During Larijani's tenure, a large number of prisoners were secretly executed without legal notice and without the knowledge of their lawyers or family.

      -       From June 2010 to December 2010, more than one hundred prisoners were secretly executed in Vakilabad prison in Mashhad without any official announcement.

      -       On 3 July , 2011, in just one day, 25 prisoners of Ghezel Hesar Prison in Karaj were secretly executed en masse.

      -       On 29 August, 2009, 24 prisoners were executed en masse in Rajai Shahr Prison in Karaj.

      - On 3 August, 2016, At least 18 prisoners of conscience were executed en masse in Rajai Shahr Prison.

       

      Sources

      Disclosure of the names of 110 prisoners who were secretly executed, Iran Human Rights Campaign, 6 December, 2011

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-8.pdf

      Continuation of unannounced executions in Ghezel Hesar Prison: Secret and mass executions of 25 prisoners, Iran Human Rights Campaign, July 2011

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-9.pdf

      Mass execution of 24 people in Karaj, BBC Farsi, 5 August, 2009

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/RajaeiShahr-3.pdf

      Mass execution of Sunni prisoners in Rajai Shor Prison, Deutsche Welle, August 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/RajaeiShahr-5.pdf

      Legal Developments

      In April 2012, the European Union placed Sadegh Amoli Larijani on its human rights sanctions list for his role in widespread and gross violations of the rights of Iranian citizens. Under the decision, Larijani will be barred from entering the union and all his assets will be confiscated in Europe. His key role in detention of political activists and human rights defenders, executions, flogging, amputation and stoning are among the reasons for his sanctions mentioned in the EU statement.

      On 13 January, 2017, the US Treasury Department, referring to the important role of Sadegh Amoli Larijani as the head of the judiciary in violating the rights of Iranian citizens, approving the execution of children and the implementation of inhuman and degrading punishments such as amputation, put Larijani on the US list of human rights sanctions. According to this decision, Sadegh Amoli Larijani's assets will be confiscated in the United States and he will be prevented from entering the country. 

    • Human Rights Violation: Execution of minors (Aug 2009 - Mar 2018) read more
      Institution
      Judiciary
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Children's rights, Right to a fair trial, Right to life
      Description

      Sadegh Larijani, as the head of the judiciary, has direct responsibility for approving and enforcing the death sentences of children under the age of 18, including Alireza Molla Soltani and Amir Hossein Pourjafar.

      Despite being a state party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, it is one of the few countries in the world that has set the age of criminal punishment in accordance with Islamic law (15 years for boys and 9 years for girls) and continues to issue death sentences for children.

      According to the latest Amnesty International report (February 2015), between 2005 and 2015, at least 73 juvenile offenders were executed, and 160 are on death row, for committing crimes as minors.

      Sources

      Execution of juveniles: Amnesty International reports on cover-ups by the Iranian government, Iranwire, 26 February, 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-13.pdf

      The killer of one of the strongest men in Iran was executed "under the legal age", Radio Farda, March 2017

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-11.pdf

      The killer of Setayesh Qureshi was executed, Radio Farda, 5 December, 2017

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-12.pdf

      Legal Developments

      In April 2012, the European Union placed Sadegh Amoli Larijani on its human rights sanctions list for his role in widespread and gross violations of the rights of Iranian citizens. Under the decision, Larijani will be barred from entering the union and all his assets will be confiscated in Europe. His key role in detention of political activists and human rights defenders, executions, flogging, amputation and stoning are among the reasons for his sanctions mentioned in the EU statement.

      On 13 January, 2017, the US Treasury Department, referring to the important role of Sadegh Amoli Larijani as the head of the judiciary in violating the rights of Iranian citizens, approving the execution of children and the implementation of inhuman and degrading punishments such as amputation, put Larijani on the US list of human rights sanctions. According to this decision, Sadegh Amoli Larijani's assets will be confiscated in the United States and he will be prevented from entering the country. 

    • Human Rights Violation: Execution of inhumane amputation sentences (Aug 2009 - Mar 2018) read more
      Institution
      Judiciary
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to freedom from torture
      Description

      Despite being a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Islamic Republic continues to carry out harsh and inhumane punishments, such as amputations. Since Sadegh Larijani took office in the judiciary, several cases of amputation have been carried out, including:

      -       Execution of amputation sentences for 5 prisoners in Isfahan (2013) 

      -       Execution of amputation of legs and arms of two prisoners in Shiraz (2011) 

      -       Execution of amputation of a prisoner in Mahshahr (2010) 

      -       Execution of amputation of a prisoner in Mashhad (2017) 

      -       Execution of amputation of fingers of two prisoners in Urmia (2015) 

      -       Execution of amputation of a prisoner in Sari (2012) 

       

      -       Execution of a prisoner's amputation sentence in Kermanshah (2010).

      Sources

      Performing five cases of amputation last year in Isfahan, Asr Iran, 7 September, 2014

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-15.pdf

      Execution of amputation leg and hand of two thieves in Shiraz, Fararo, 11 December, 2011

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-16.pdf

      Amputation of a thief in the south of Iran, BBC Farsi, 17 April, 2010

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-17.pdf

      Amputation of a thief accused of stealing sheeps in Mashhad prison, VOA, 19 December, 2017

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-18.pdf

      Amputation of fingers of two prisoners in Urmia, Iran Human Rights Organisation, January 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-19.pdf

      Amputation of a thief's fingers in Sari, Fararo, February 2013

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-20.pdf

      Execution of amputation sentence in Kermanshah, Asr Iran, December 2010

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Larijani-21.pdf

      Legal Developments

      In April 2012, the European Union placed Sadegh Amoli Larijani on its human rights sanctions list for his role in widespread and gross violations of the rights of Iranian citizens. Under the decision, Larijani will be barred from entering the union and all his assets will be confiscated in Europe. His key role in detention of political activists and human rights defenders, executions, flogging, amputation and stoning are among the reasons for his sanctions mentioned in the EU statement.

      On 13 January, 2017, the US Treasury Department, referring to the important role of Sadegh Amoli Larijani as the head of the judiciary in violating the rights of Iranian citizens, approving the execution of children and the implementation of inhuman and degrading punishments such as amputation, put Larijani on the US list of human rights sanctions. According to this decision, Sadegh Amoli Larijani's assets will be confiscated in the United States and he will be prevented from entering the country. 

  • Member of the Supreme Council of National Security, National (Aug 2009 - Mar 2018)
  • Member of the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution, National (Aug 2009 - Mar 2018)
  • Member of the Supreme Council of Cyberspace, National (Mar 2011 - 7 Mar 2018)
  • Member of the Assembly of Experts, National (1997 - present)
  • Member of the Expediency Discernment Council, National (Aug 2009 - present)
  • Head of the board of trustees of Imam Sadegh University, National (Jan 2015 - present)
  • Head of the Expediency Discernment Council, National (30 Dec 2018 - present)
These violations may only be part of the human rights violations that this person has been involved in. The investigation into this person's human rights record is ongoing.