Ali Razini

Ali Razini
علی رازینی
23 May 1953
Razan, Hamedan
Male
Seminary
Yes
Alive
5 Dec 2020
image/svg+xml ExpediencyDiscernmentCouncil SupremeLeader'sOffice GuardianCouncil Judiciary ExecutivePower Parliament Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran General Staff ofArmed Forces Army IRGC Police(NAJA) Assembly of Expertsfor Leadership Supreme NationalSecurity Council Supreme Councilfor Cyberspace Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution IRIB
  • Judge of the Revolutionary Court, Tehran (Tehran Province) (1980 - 1981)
  • Judge of the Revolutionary Court, Bojnord (North Khorasan Province) (1981)
    • Human Rights Violation: Violation: Arrest, torture, imprisonment and execution of political prisoners (1981) read more
      Institution
      Islamic Revolutionary Courts
      Location
      Bojnourd (North Khorasan Province)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom from torture, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
      Description

      In 1981, with the intensification of the repression of political organisations opposed to the Islamic Republic, Ali Razini was transferred to the city of Bojnourd in the north of Khorasan province. As a judge of the Revolutionary Court of Bojnourd, he issued heavy sentences for those accused of collaborating with these groups, and especially death sentences for those affiliated with the Mojahedin Khalq Organisation (MEK).

      Sources

      Razini: We were brave enough that we personally signed the sentence of everyone who was executed, Fars News Agency, 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/RAZINI-7.pdf

  • Sharia Judge and the Head of Revolutionary Court, Mashhad (Razavi Khorasan Province) (1981 - 1984)
    • Human Rights Violation: Arrest, torture, imprisonment and execution of political prisoners (1981 - 1984) read more
      Institution
      Islamic Revolutionary Courts
      Location
      Mashhad (Razavi Khorasan Province)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom from torture, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
      Description

      Following Ali Razini's success in suppressing political groups critical of the Islamic Republic in Bojnourd, he was appointed as the Religious Judge and Judge of the Revolutionary Court of Mashhad in 1981. He issued numerous death sentences for political prisoners.

      In the first week of January 1981, several young women were executed in Vakilabad prison in Mashhad. Immediately after the executions, some of the families of the executed girls told their relatives that their daughters had been raped before the executions. Evidence obtained by Justice for Iran from relatives of three executed girls (Sima Motalebi, Mandana, and Mitra Mojavarian) shows that they were tried and sentenced to death in a matter of minutes without a lawyer. A few days after the news of the execution of Mandana and Mitra Mojavarian was announced, one of the prison guards went to their family home and offered flowers and sweets, announcing that the IRGC guards had married their daughters before the execution. Sima Motallabi also had written on her leg about being raped. According to the testimony of two political prisoners, throughout the period from September to the end of January, Ali Razini was the Sharia Judge of Mashhad and all the death sentences of young women were issued by him.

      Sources

      Impunity: Torture and Sexual Violence Against Female Political Prisoners in the Islamic Republic, Justice for Iran, 2010

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Crime-without-Aida-final22.pdf

      Documentary: Last Moments, The Testimonies of the Iranian Female Political Prisoners in the 80’s, Shadi Amin, 2014

      https://justice4iran.org/9359/

       

  • Revolutionary Prosecutor, Tehran (Tehran Province) (Jan 1984 - 1986)
  • Head of the IRGC’s Political and Ideological Organisation, National (1987)
  • Head of the Judicial Organisation of the Armed Forces (1987 - 1993)
  • Sharia Judge of Special Clerical Courts, National (15 May 1987 - 4 May 2012)
  • Head of the Special Court for War Crimes, National (1988)
  • Dean of the University of Judicial Sciences, National (1992 - 1993)
  • Head of the Judicial Administration, Tehran Province (1998 - 2003)
  • Executive Deputy of the Supreme Court, National (1998 - 2003)
  • Head of the Court of Administrative Justice, National (2003 - Sep 2009)
  • Member of the Assembly of Experts, National (2006 - May 2016)
  • Deputy of the Legal and Judicial Affairs of the Judiciary, National (19 Aug 2009 - Sep 2014)
    • Human Rights Violation: Participation in suppression of peaceful protests (2009) read more
      Institution
      Judiciary
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom of assembly, Right to life
      Description

      Ali Razini, as the Legal Deputy of the Judiciary, has participated in the suppression of peaceful protests against the results of the 2009 presidential election and the house arrest of Mehdi Karroubi, Mir Hossein Mousavi and Zahra Rahnavard. During a speech on February 19, 2011, two days after Mir Hossein Mousavi's last call to the people to take to the streets in support of the Egyptian and Tunisian people, which has led to his house arrest to this day, Razini defended their house arrests without a fair hearing and without observance of the due process.

      Sources

      Attorney General: The leaders of sedition will definitely be tried, Iran newspaper, February 2010

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/razini-17.pdf

  • Member of the Council of S.L Representatives in Universities, National (Unknown)
  • Member of the Board of Trustees of the Centre for the Islamic Sciences , National (Unknown)
  • Head of Branch 41 of the Supreme Court, National (2015 - present)
These violations may only be part of the human rights violations that this person has been involved in. The investigation into this person's human rights record is ongoing.