Ebrahim Raisi

Ebrahim Raisi
سید ابراهیم رئیسی
1960
Mashhad
Male
Seminary Eduacation
Yes
Alive
9 Dec 2020
image/svg+xml ExpediencyDiscernmentCouncil SupremeLeader'sOffice GuardianCouncil Judiciary ExecutivePower Parliament Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran General Staff ofArmed Forces Army IRGC Police(NAJA) Assembly of Expertsfor Leadership Supreme NationalSecurity Council Supreme Councilfor Cyberspace Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution IRIB
  • Revolutionary Prosecutor, Karaj (1980 - 1982)
  • Revolutionary Prosecutor, Hamadan Province (1982 - 1984)
  • Deputy Revolutionary Prosecutor, Tehran (1985 - 1988)
  • Supreme Leader’s Judicial Special Envoy (1988 - 1989)
  • Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor, Tehran (1989 - 1994)
  • Head of National Inspection Organisation (1994 - 2004)
  • First deputy of the Judiciary (2003 - Sep 2013)
  • Attorney General (Sep 2013 - Apr 3015)
  • Custodian of Astan Quds Razavi (2015 - Apr 2019)
  • Prosecutor assistant of the Revolutionary Court, Karaj (1980)
  • Member of the board of trustees of the Executive Headquarters of Imam Khomeini\'s Order (Unknown)
  • First secretary of Enjoining the Good and Forbidding the Evil Headquarters (1992-unknown)
  • Prosecutor at the Special Clerical Court (Jun 2012 - present)
    • Human Rights Violation: Issuing harsh and unjust sentences for clerics who criticize or oppose the regime (Jun 2012 - present) read more
      Institution
      Special Clerical Court
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom of expression
      Description
       

      As the prosecutor of the Special Clerical Court, Raisi has played a key role in unfair trials and sentencing of clerics critical of the regime. Including the sentencing of Ahmad Montazeri to 21 years in prison and stripping him of clerical robe for publishing the audio file of the meeting of his father, Hossein Ali Montazeri, the then deputy of Ruhollah Khomeini, with the Death Committee, which revealed and proved the definite role of Raisi in the 1988 massacre of political prisoners.

      Sources

      Ahmad Montazeri was sentenced to prison and stripped of the clerical robe, BBC Farsi, 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/RAEISI-21.pdf

      Audio file of Montazeri meeting with members of the Death Committee, 15 August, 1988

       

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t4Tv55PBpdc&ab_channel=DorrTV 

      Legal Developments
      On 4 November, 2019, the US Treasury Department sanctioned nine "appointees by Ali Khamenei," including Seyyed Ebrahim Ra'isi. According to a statement from the Treasury Department, these individuals were involved in "repressions inside and outside Iran." The statement referred to Raisi’s involvement in “brutal crackdown on Iran’s Green Movement” and his participation “in so-called "death commission" that ordered the extrajudicial executions of thousands of political prisoners in 1988.”
  • Member of Expediency Discernment Council (14 Aug 2017 - present)
  • Head of the Judiciary (Mar 2018 - present)
    • Human Rights Violation: Continued detention and torture of environmental activists (Mar 2018 - present) read more
      Institution
      Head of Judiciary
      Location
      Tehran
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom from torture
      Description
       

      As head of the judiciary, Ra'isi is responsible for continuing to detain, torture and unfairly prosecute environmental activists. Dozens of environmental activists have been detained since February 2017 on charges of espionage, but neither the security authorities nor the judiciary have provided any evidence of espionage. One and a half years later, eight of these environmental activists are still imprisoned and tried in closed courts without the presence of their chosen lawyers.

      Sources

      Human Rights Watch: Investigate allegations of torture of environmental activists immediately, Deutsche Welle, 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/ShariatMadari-3.pdf

      Holding the second court session of eight environmental activists without the presence of selected lawyers, Radio Farda, 4 February, 2017

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/RUp1.pdf

      Request for the release of eight environmental activists in a letter from their families to the head of the judiciary, Campaign for Human Rights, July 2017

       

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Rup2.pdf

      Legal Developments
       

      On 4 November, 2019, the US Treasury Department sanctioned nine "appointees by Ali Khamenei," including Seyyed Ebrahim Ra'isi. According to a statement from the Treasury Department, these individuals were involved in "repressions inside and outside Iran." The statement referred to Raisi’s involvement in “brutal crackdown on Iran’s Green Movement” and his participation “in so-called "death commission" that ordered the extrajudicial executions of thousands of political prisoners in 1988.”

    • Human Rights Violation: Illegal arrest and trial of journalists (Mar 2018 - present) read more
      Institution
      Head of Judiciary
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom of expression
      Description
       

      Ebrahim Raisi was directly responsible for the illegal detention and trial of journalists for exercising their informing duties, as well as for threatening members of the media and suppressing freedom of expression. "The media must be careful that the points and signals that make the enemy happy are not spread and heard in society," he told reporters and media executives on 22 June, 2019. At the meeting, Raisi also threatened journalists and the media that if they did not follow the Islamic Republic's red lines, they would be brought to court. Dozens of journalists, including Marzieh Amiri, Keyvan Samimi, Massoud Kazemi, Mohammad Reza Nasab Abdullahi, and Mohammad Masaed, have been arrested, tried, and sent to prison since Ebrahim Ra'isi has become the head of judiciary.

      Sources

      Reporters Without Borders: A new wave of media repression has begun in Iran, BBC Farsi, 8 September, 2020

      https://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-54074252

      Massoud Kazemi's lawyer: The court has been removed from justice, June 2019

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Rup4.pdf

      Journalist Mohammad Mosaed Sentenced to Imprisonment and Prohibition of Press Activities, BBC Farsi, September 2020

      https://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-54001870

      Tehran Free Journalists Association demands the release of Keyvan Samimi and Marzieh Amiri, BBC Farsi, 7 May, 2019

       

      https://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-48202606

      Legal Developments
       

      On 4 November, 2019, the US Treasury Department sanctioned nine "appointees by Ali Khamenei," including Seyyed Ebrahim Ra'isi. According to a statement from the Treasury Department, these individuals were involved in "repressions inside and outside Iran." The statement referred to Raisi’s involvement in “brutal crackdown on Iran’s Green Movement” and his participation “in so-called "death commission" that ordered the extrajudicial executions of thousands of political prisoners in 1988.”

    • Human Rights Violation: Enforcement of death sentences for protesters (Nov 2019 - present) read more
      Institution
      Head of Judiciary
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom from torture, Right to freedom of assembly, Right to life
      Description
       

      As head of the judiciary, he is responsible for  the issuance of unjust or illegal sentences for participants in the November 2019 nationwide protests, including the approval and enforcement of death sentences for Mostafa Salehi and Navid Afkari, despite the lack of evidence of a crime other than the forced confessions of defendants taken under severe torture and pressure.

      Sources

      Mostafa Salehi, one of the protesters, was executed on 30 December, BBC Persian, August 2020

      https://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-53660716

      Execution of Iranian wrestler; Navid Afkari 'Buried at night with security measures', BBC Farsi, September 2020

       

      https://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-54129779

      Legal Developments
       

      On 4 November, 2019, the US Treasury Department sanctioned nine "appointees by Ali Khamenei," including Seyyed Ebrahim Ra'isi. According to a statement from the Treasury Department, these individuals were involved in "repressions inside and outside Iran." The statement referred to Raisi’s involvement in “brutal crackdown on Iran’s Green Movement” and his participation “in so-called "death commission" that ordered the extrajudicial executions of thousands of political prisoners in 1988.”

These violations may only be part of the human rights violations that this person has been involved in. The investigation into this person's human rights record is ongoing.