Hassan Zare Dehnavi

AKA: Hassan Haddad

Hassan Zare Dehnavi
حسن زارع دهنوی
Unknown
Male
Unkown
No
Died, 28 Oct 2020
7 Dec 2020
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  • Prosecutor assistant in Evin Prison, Tehran (1981 - 1989)
  • Judge of Branch 26 of Revolutionary Court (1995 - 2006)
    • Human Rights Violation: Issuing prison sentences for political and civil activists (1995 - 2006) read more
      Institution
      Revolutionary Courts
      Location
      Tehran
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom of expression
      Description

      Hassan Zare Dehnavi, known as Judge Haddad, was the head of Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court,  During this time he was responsible for handling cases generally in the field of drug and antiquities smuggling until 2000. Since 2000, political cases have been submitted to this branch of the Revolutionary Court.

      Judge Haddad has been responsible for issuing numerous heavy sentences to political, student, media, and human rights activists. He was the judge of prominent political cases related to the political organizations such as the Iranian Freedom Movement, the Combatant Muslim Movement, the National Front of Iran, the United Student Front, the Democratic Front of Iran, and the People's Party of Iran, Political, and detainees of student rallies in the spring of 2003, and issued dozens of prison sentences for political and civil activists. These include:

      • Ezatullah Sahabi (11 years imprisonment and 10 years deprivation of social rights),
      • Heshmatollah Tabarzadi (14 years imprisonment and 10 years deprivation of social rights and exile to Borazjan prison), 

      • Hoda Saber (10 years imprisonment and 10 years deprivation of social rights), 

      • Taghi Rahmani (11 years imprisonment and 10 years deprivation of social rights), 

      • Habibaullah Peyman (9 years imprisonment and 10 years deprivation of social rights), 

      • Mohammad Maleki (7 years imprisonment and 5 years deprivation of social rights), 

      • Mohammad Bastangar (7 years imprisonment) And 5 years of deprivation of social rights), 

      • Mohsen Sazegara (7 years of imprisonment), 

      • Mohammad Massoud Salamati (3 years of imprisonment), 

      • Parviz Safari (3 years of imprisonment), 

      • Ali Afshari (6 years of imprisonment and 5 years of deprivation of social rights), 

      • Kianoosh Sanjari (5 years in prison), 

      • Kourosh Sehati (7 years in prison), and 

      • Mahmoud Omrani (4 years in prison and 5 years of deprivation of social rights).

      Sources

      Zarezadeh Ardeshir, When the judge's voice does not "rise", Million site, 2007

       

      https://www.melliun.org/simayenezam/s07/08/16zare.htm

  • Deputy of Public and Revolutionary Prosecution Office in Security Affairs, Tehran (10 Jul 2007 - 2009)
    • Human Rights Violation: Suppression of student activist (2007) read more
      Institution
      Prosecution Offices
      Location
      Tehran
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom from torture
      Description
       

      Judge Haddad, as Deputy Security Minister of the Tehran Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor's Office, arrested, tortured, forced to confess, and unfairly tried students and editors in charge of student publications, including Ahmad Ghasaban, Pouyan Mahmoudian, Meqdad Khalilpour, Majid Sheikhpour, Majid Tavakoli, and Ehsan Mansouri. On May 30, 2007, the student publications Sar Khat, Sahar, Rivar, and Atieh were distributed at Amirkabir University, in which a cartoon of Ali Khamenei was published and criticized. The intelligence service and the police immediately arrested several students. On 20 May, 2007, Judge Haddad upheld their detention, and said that the editors in charge of these publications were being held in Ward 209 of Evin Prison. Later, the families of the detained students published a letter to the head of the judiciary explaining in detail the physical, sexual and psychological torture of their children by the agents of the Ministry of Intelligence.

      Sources

      Judge Haddad in an interview with ISNA: Investigation of 3 detained students of Amirkabir in the case of student publications has been completed, ISNA, 23 August, 2007

      https://www.isna.ir/amp/8605-01160/

      Arrest of 'agents of publishing offensive content' in student publications, BBC Farsi, May 2007

      https://www.bbc.com/persian/iran/story/2007/05/printable/070521_ka-papers

      Judge Haddad: The detention of students will continue, Iran Today, May 2007

      http://www.iran-emrooz.net/index.php/news1/12802/

      Prisoner students are tortured for making false confessions, 13 June, 2007

      https://web.archive.org/web/20160305122918/http://www.akhbar-rooz.com/news.jsp?essayId=9936

      The Ranjnameh of the Families of Majid Tavakoli, Ahmad Ghasaban and Ehsan Mansouri with Shocking Details about Student Torture, Amirkabir, Iranian Women's Association, September 2007

       

      https://ir-women.com/4629

      Legal Developments
       

      On 13 April, 2011, the European Union placed Hassan Zare Dehnavi (Hassan Haddad) on a human rights sanctions list for his role in widespread and gross violations of the rights of Iranian citizens. According to this decision, Haddad will be barred from entering the countries of this union and all his assets will be confiscated in Europe. According to the EU statement, Hassan Zare Dehnavi participated in the suppression of protesters by issuing long prison sentences for protesters in the 2009 elections and transferring them to Kahrizak.

      Other Information
      On 27 June, 2013, Mohammad Aslani, Judge Haddad's lawyer, told reporters about his charges: "Haddad is one of the defendants in the Kahrizak case, and since he was a judge in the Preventive Police on 9 and 10 July, 2009, and approved the transfer of some of the detainees, he is now charged with illegal detention in the Kahrizak case."
    • Human Rights Violation: Suppression, torture and killing of protesters (2009) read more
      Institution
      Prosecution Offices
      Location
      Tehran
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom from torture, Right to life
      Description

      Hassan Zare Dehnavi, as the security deputy of the Tehran Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor's Office, has played a role in suppressing political and civil activists and protesters after the 2009 elections. He was the judge and issuer of prison sentences in many post-election protesters’ cases and repeatedly threatened the families of the prisoners to remain silent.

       

      Hassan Zare Dehnavi, along with Ali Akbar Heidarifar (former prosecutor at the Tehran Security prosecution office) and Saeed Mortazavi (former Tehran prosecutor), also played a key role in transferring dozens of detainees from the 2009 election protests to Kahrizak Detention Center. After the 2009 elections and the nationwide protests against the election results, on 9 July, 2009, police arrested a large number of protesters who had gathered in front of the University of Tehran and transferred them to Kahrizak Detention Center on the orders of Saeed Mortazavi, the then Tehran prosecutor, and his deputies, Hassan Zare. Dehnavi and Ali Akbar Heydarifar. At least three detainees, Mohsen Rouhalamini, Amir Javadifar, and Mohammad Kamrani, were tortured to death. Two other prisoners, Ramin Ghahremani and Ahmad Nejati Kargar also died of their injuries shortly after their release from Kahrizak.

      Sources

      Details of the torture in Kahrizak Detention Center, BBC Farsi, 22 December, 2017

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/avaeio0.pdf

      Mortazavi's letter to Larijani, Jam Jam, 19 December, 2009

      https://www.magiran.com/article/2025913

      Kahrizak Court; To Defendants: Do not Give Details, Hamshahri, 30 May, 2013

       

      https://www.hamshahrionline.ir/news/211666/%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AF%DA%AF%D8%A7%D9%87-%D9%85%D8%AA%D9%87%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86-%DA%A9%D9%87%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%B2%DA%A9-%D8%AC%D8%B2%D8%A6%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%B1%D8%A7-%D8%A8%DB%8C%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%86%DA%A9%DB%8C%D9%86%D8%AF

      Legal Developments
       

      On 13 April, 2011, the European Union placed Hassan Zare Dehnavi (Hassan Haddad) on a human rights sanctions list for his role in widespread and gross violations of the rights of Iranian citizens. According to this decision, Haddad will be barred from entering the countries of this union and all his assets will be confiscated in Europe. According to the EU statement, Hassan Zare Dehnavi participated in the suppression of protesters by issuing long prison sentences for protesters in the 2009 elections and transferring them to Kahrizak.

      Other Information
      On 27 June, 2013, Mohammad Aslani, Judge Haddad's lawyer, told reporters about his charges: "Haddad is one of the defendants in the Kahrizak case, and since he was a judge in the Preventive Police on 9 and 10 July, 2009, and approved the transfer of some of the detainees, he is now charged with illegal detention in the Kahrizak case."
  • Deputy head of the Social Security Organisation (2013 - 2014)
  • Head of reviewing confiscation cases at the Executive Headquarters (Unknown)
  • Adviser to the Criminal Court, Tehran (Unknown)
These violations may only be part of the human rights violations that this person has been involved in. The investigation into this person's human rights record is ongoing.