Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf

Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
محمد باقر قالیباف
23 Aug 1961
Torghabeh, Khorasan
Male
PhD in Political Geography
No
Alive
14 Dec 2023
image/svg+xml ExpediencyDiscernmentCouncil SupremeLeader'sOffice GuardianCouncil Judiciary ExecutivePower Parliament Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran General Staff ofArmed Forces Army IRGC Police(NAJA) Assembly of Expertsfor Leadership Supreme NationalSecurity Council Supreme Councilfor Cyberspace Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution IRIB
  • Deputy Head of Basij Organisation
  • Commander of Imam Reza Brigade, Razavi Khorasan Province (1982 - 1983)
  • Commander of the Nasr Khorasan 5th Division, Razavi Khorasan Province (1983 - 1989)
  • Commander of Khatam-al-Anbia HQ (1994 - 1997)
  • Commander of IRGC Air Force (1997 - 2000)
    • Human Rights Violation: Participation in suppressing the student protesters (1999) read more
      Institution
      IRGC
      Location
      Tehran
      Rights Violated
      Right to freedom of assembly, Right to liberty and security of person
      Description

      After his candidacy in the 2013 presidential election, Mohammad Baqer Ghalibaf addressed a gathering of Basijis where he admitted to his role in suppressing students protesting the attack on the University of Tehran dormitory in 1999 and his participation in writing a threatening letter from IRGC commanders to then-President Mohammad Khatami to suppress students. In the speech published on the 15 May 2013 by the Kaleme website, explicitly speaks of his direct role in beating the protesting students:

       

      “When the 1999 incident took place in the Tehran university dormitory, that famous letter was written by me and Mr. Soleimani… At that time, when they [the protesters] marched into the streets, I was the commander of the IRGC Air Force. My photo is out there on a motorcycle with a "wooden stick" ... I stayed on the street to wrap them up. Where it is necessary to come to the street and beat them up, we are those holding a stick. And we are proud of that.”

      Sources

      Ghalibaf defends himself in Basij base: I obtained the permission for the military presence and shooting at the university dormitory, Kaleme website, May 15, 2013

      https://www.kaleme.com/1392/02/25/klm-143690/

      - Back up link

      Human Rights Campaign: Ghalibaf's name should be added to the list of human rights violators, Radio Farda, May 16, 2013

      https://www.radiofarda.com/a/f9_iran_human_rights_campaign_ask_add_ghilbaf_human_violator_lists/24988084.html

      - Back up link

      Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf from the IRGC and the municipality to the speaker of the parliament, BBC Farsi, June 28, 2016

      https://www.bbc.com/persian/iran-features-52831872

      - Back up link

      Full audio file of Ghalibaf's speech in the gathering of Basijis, 2013

      https://soundcloud.com/user265259161/fjlfhgibxxyc

  • Chief Commander of Police (2000 - 2005)
    • Human Rights Violation: Permission for military presence at the university dormitory and use of lethal force read more
      Institution
      Chief Commander
      Location
      Tarasht and Tehran University dormitory
      Rights Violated
      Right to freedom of assembly, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
      Description

      Ghalibaf, as the commander of the police force and a member of the National Security Council, was primarily responsible for obtaining a permit for the forces under his command  to attack the dormitory of the University of Tehran and the student dormitory of Tarasht, and to use lethal force against the peaceful protesters. In a speech at the Basij base in 2013, Ghalibaf acknowledged his role in threatening members of the Security Council to obtain a permit to attack the university dormitory:

      “In 2003, after the university dormitory was set on fire and the Tarasht incident, I fought hard in the meeting of the National Security Council and said very harsh words and did not respect the meeting and said that tonight anyone who wants to come to the dormitory and wants to do these things [protest].  I, as the commander of the NAJA, will crush them. [...] The rest said that if the police force wants to enter the university dormitory, it must have the permission of the National Security Council and the university administrators must allow it. [...] At that meeting, I received permission from the National Security Council for the NAJA military presence at the university dormitory and to shoot [the protesters].”

      Sources

      Ghalibaf defends himself in Basij base: I obtained the permission for the military presence and shooting at the university dormitory, Kaleme website, 15 May, 2013

      https://www.kaleme.com/1392/02/25/klm-143690/

      - Back up link

      Full audio file of Ghalibaf's speech in the gathering of Basijis, 2013

      https://soundcloud.com/user265259161/fjlfhgibxxyc

      Ghalibaf: In 2003, I obtained a permit to enter and shoot in the university dormitory, Radio Farda, 16 May, 2013

      https://www.radiofarda.com/a/f35_ghalibaf_tehran_university_dorm_attack/24987435.html

      - Back up link

  • Head of Central Headquarters for Combating Commodity and Currency Trafficking (2004 - 2005)
  • Mayor, Tehran (2005 - 2017)
    • Human Rights Violation: Participation in suppressing the post-election peaceful protesters (2009) read more
      Institution
      Ministry of Interior
      Location
      Tehran
      Rights Violated
      Right to freedom from torture, Right to freedom of assembly, Right to life
      Description

      As mayor, Ghalibaf has been involved in the crackdown on peaceful protesters following the 2009 election results. In a speech at the Basij base in 2013, he acknowledged the illegal use of the municipality as part of a security apparatus to suppress peaceful protesters:

      "In the case of sedition [the title used by government officials for popular protests], I used the name sedition from the beginning. Because I did security and intelligence work anyway, and I am an expert in this matter. At the top level, I have said that Sardar Soleimani and I probably made the biggest move to prevent the incident from Saturday to Thursday [after the election], and you should know about the municipality that the municipality is a public non-governmental organisation. According to the evaluation of the performance of various agencies after the sedition, the municipality of Tehran is ranked third among the five security agencies that worked in this area. This shows that the municipality has done its job in the style of security institutions."

      Sources

      Ghalibaf defends himself in Basij base: I obtained the permission for the military presence and shooting at the university dormitory, Kaleme website, 15 May, 2013

      https://www.kaleme.com/1392/02/25/klm-143690/

      Full audio file of Ghalibaf's speech in the gathering of Basijis, 2013

      https://soundcloud.com/user265259161/fjlfhgibxxyc

  • Commander of Najaf HQ (1989 - present)
  • Member of Expediency Discernment Council (2017 - present)
  • Speaker of Parliament (2020 - present)
    • Human Rights Violation: Participation in institutionalising gender discrimination (May 2023) read more
      Institution
      Speaker of Parliament
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Women's rights
      Description
      Mohammad bagher Ghalibaf, in his capacity as the Speaker of Parliament, is responsible for endorsing the bill on hijab and chastity. If approved in the Islamic Consultative Assembly, this bill will lead to severe punishments for unveiled women and their exclusion from public services. Among the specified penalties in this bill is the prohibition of leaving the country and the confiscation of passports. Additionally, besides the law enforcement, Basij organizations, IRGC Intelligence, FRAJA Intelligence, the Ministry of Intelligence, and the Amr Bel Maroof and Nahi Anil Munkar Headquarters can also take field action against unveiled women
      Sources
      Qalibaf: All aspects of the chastity and hijab bill have been reviewed and will become law by the end of the month
These violations may only be part of the human rights violations that this person has been involved in. The investigation into this person's human rights record is ongoing.