Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei

Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei
غلامحسین محسنی اژه ای
1956
Ejieh, Isfahan
Male
Seminary Eduacation
Yes
Alive
6 Dec 2020
image/svg+xml ExpediencyDiscernmentCouncil SupremeLeader'sOffice GuardianCouncil Judiciary ExecutivePower Parliament Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran General Staff ofArmed Forces Army IRGC Police(NAJA) Assembly of Expertsfor Leadership Supreme NationalSecurity Council Supreme Councilfor Cyberspace Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution IRIB
  • Head of the Intelligence Ministry Screening Office, National (1984 - 1985)
  • Judiciary’s representative in the Intelligence Ministry , National (1985 - 1988)
  • Head of the Prosecution Office in Economic Affairs, Tehran (Tehran Province) (1989 - 1990)
  • Judiciary’s representative in the Intelligence Ministry , National (1991 - 1994)
  • Head of the Special Judicial Complex for Investigating the Public Servants’ Offense, National (1998 - 2002)
  • Judiciary’s representative at the Press Supervisory Board, National (1998 - 2005)
    • Human Rights Violation: Seizure of the press and suppression of journalists (1998 - 2005) read more
      Institution
      Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to freedom of expression
      Description
       

      Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei, as the representative of the Judiciary on the Press Supervisory Board, has had active participation in the seizure of the press and the arrest of journalists, especially during the years 1998 to 2000. In an interview with Fars News Agency, Mohseni Ejei confirmed the crackdown on the press, saying: "In the press, the interests of the system are often violated and they move against national security."

      Sources

      Mohseni Ejei: The Press Law includes the rights of the press, the people and the government, Fars News Agency, 2003

       

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-16.pdf

  • Special Clerical Court’s Prosecutor, National (December 1998-October 2005)
    • Human Rights Violation: Issuance of death sentences and imprisonment for clerics critical of the regime ( ) read more
      Institution
      Special Clerical Court
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to a fair trial, Right to freedom of expression, Right to life
      Description
       

      Gholam-Hossein Mohseni Ejei, as the prosecutor of the "Special Clerical Court", was  responsible for issuing prison sentences to clerics critical of the Islamic Republic. For example, Hassan Yousefi Eshkevari (five years in prison) and Mohsen Kadivar (one and a half years) were sentenced to prison for expressing critical views on the concept and status of "Velayat-e-Faqih." Hassan Yousefi Eshkevari was first sentenced to death in a special court for the clergy. The Court ofAppeal then reduced the sentence to two years in prison. The verdict of the Court of Appeal was changed to 5 years in prison with the protest of Mohseni Ejei, the then prosecutor of the Special Clerical Court.

      Sources

      Testimony of Hassan Yousefi Eshkevari, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, 25 May 25, 2014

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-10.pdf

       

      Mohsen Kadivar's Defense in the Special Clergy Court, Ney Publishing, June 1998

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-12.pdf

      Eshkevari appealed, BBC Persian, 2002

       

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-13.pdf

       
    • Human Rights Violation: Participation in the murder of writers, intellectuals and political critics (political assassinations) (1998) read more
      Institution
      Special Clerical Court
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Right to freedom from torture, Right to freedom of expression, Right to life
      Description

      Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei is one of the officials named as the ‘mastermind’ of the assassination of Pirooz Davani, a political activist, and Majid Sharif, a writer and translator. The murders are considered a part of the serial political assassinations known as "chain murders."

      In 1998, Dariush and Parvaneh Forouhar, longtime political activists and leaders of the Nation Party of Iran, Mohammad Mokhtari and Mohammad Jafar Pooyandeh, members of the Writers' Association of Iran were murdered. Majid Sharif and Pirooz Davani were assassinated shortly after. After that, the Ministry of Intelligence, in a statement on 6 January, 1998, attributed the assassinations to the "rogue" agents of the ministry.

      Pirooz Davani's brother, on the role of the Ejei in his murder, states:

       

      "Pirooz and Majid Sharif were removed from the case and the case of serial murders was reduced to four murders. At the same time, the families' lawyer, said that Dorri Najafabadi had given the order for assassination of Davani based on Mohseni Ejei’s fatwa...Later parts of the case were  published abroad and Mr. Lahiji analyzed the case and explained that "Dorrri Najafabadi had said that these are communists and should be killed, and Mohseni Ejei issued a fatwa for their death."

      Sources

      Interview with Abdolkarim Lahiji about serial murders, Radio Zamaneh, 2018

      https://www.radiozamaneh.com/423195

       

      What are the main figures involved in the serial murders case doing today? , BBC Persian 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-14.pdf

       
  • Minister of Intelligence (2005-August 2009)
    • Human Rights Violation: Suppression, detention and torture of protesters (2009) read more
      Institution
      Ministry of Intelligence
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Children's rights, Right to freedom from torture, Right to freedom of assembly, Right to freedom of expression, Right to life
      Description

      Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei, both as Minister of Intelligence (until 24 August, 2009) and as Attorney General (since 24 September, 2009), has been instrumental in suppressing, torturing, and obtaining forced confessions from protesters against the 2009 presidential election results.

       

      Following the announcement of the results of the tenth Iranian presidential election and the victory of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, widespread protests were held in Iranian cities. The protests were brutally suppressed by the riot police, the IRGC and the Basij, killing at least 70 people, injuring thousands, and  widespread arrests.

      Sources

      Execution of sentences of 15 criminals for “sedition 2009”, Mehr News Agency, February 2011

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-18.pdf

       

      Ejei: Trial in absentia of some of the accused in the “sedition 2009” , Radio and Television News Agency, April 2014

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-19.pdf

       

      Filing a case against Mehdi Karroubi for accusing security forces of rape, Radio Farda, October 2009

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/RAEISI-0.pdf

       

      Rape, Iran Human Rights Campaign, September 2009

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/RAEISI-17.pdf

       

      Interview with the Attorney General, Tasnim News Agency, August 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-o.pdf

       
      Legal Developments

      The European Union (EU) has placed 32 Iranian officials, including Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei, on its human rights sanctions list for their role in widespread and grave violations of the rights of Iranian citizens, in a decision dated 12 April 2011. According to this decision, these officials will be banned from entering the countries of the EU and all their assets in Europe will be confiscated.

       

      On 29  September 2010, the US Treasury Department  put Mohseni Ejei on the list of human rights sanctions,  referring to his role as Minister of Intelligence in "arresting protesters against election results without formal charges", "brutal ill-treatment of detainees", "keeping them in solitary confinement" and "Forcing detainees to make forced confessions". According to this decision, the possible assets of Gholam Hossein Mohseni Ejei will be confiscated in the United States and he will be banned from entering this country.

  • Attorney General, National (September 2009- July 2013)
    • Human Rights Violation: Suppression, detention and torture of protesters (2009) read more
      Institution
      Attorney General
      Location
      (National)
      Rights Violated
      Children's rights, Right to freedom from torture, Right to freedom of assembly, Right to freedom of expression, Right to life
      Description

      Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei, both as Minister of Intelligence (until 24 August, 2009) and as Attorney General (since 24 September, 2009), has been instrumental in suppressing, torturing, and obtaining forced confessions from protesters against the 2009 presidential election results.

       

      Following the announcement of the results of the tenth Iranian presidential election and the victory of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, widespread protests were held in Iranian cities. The protests were brutally suppressed by the riot police, the IRGC and the Basij, killing at least 70 people, injuring thousands, and  widespread arrests.

      Sources

      Execution of sentences of 15 criminals for “sedition 2009”, Mehr News Agency, February 2011

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-18.pdf

       

      Ejei: Trial in absentia of some of the accused in the “sedition 2009” , Radio and Television News Agency, April 2014

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-19.pdf

       

      Filing a case against Mehdi Karroubi for accusing security forces of rape, Radio Farda, October 2009

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/RAEISI-0.pdf

       

      Rape, Iran Human Rights Campaign, September 2009

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/RAEISI-17.pdf

       

      Interview with the Attorney General, Tasnim News Agency, August 2016

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-o.pdf

       
      Legal Developments

      The European Union (EU) has placed 32 Iranian officials, including Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei, on its human rights sanctions list for their role in widespread and grave violations of the rights of Iranian citizens, in a decision dated 12 April 2011. According to this decision, these officials will be banned from entering the countries of the EU and all their assets in Europe will be confiscated.

       

      On 29  September 2010, the US Treasury Department  put Mohseni Ejei on the list of human rights sanctions,  referring to his role as Minister of Intelligence in "arresting protesters against election results without formal charges", "brutal ill-treatment of detainees", "keeping them in solitary confinement" and "Forcing detainees to make forced confessions". According to this decision, the possible assets of Gholam Hossein Mohseni Ejei will be confiscated in the United States and he will be banned from entering this country.

  • Judiciary’s Spokesperson, National (2010- 8 April 2019)
    • Human Rights Violation: Attack on prisoners in ward 350 of Evin Prison (17 April 2014) read more
      Institution
      Judiciary's Spokesperson
      Location
      Evin, Tehran
      Rights Violated
      Right to freedom from torture, Right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
      Description
       

      On 17 April, 2014, dozens of Evin Prison guards, accompanied by security officers, attacked Ward 350, where political prisoners are held, under the pretext of searching their personal belongings, and severely beat a large number of inmates. After that, 32 detainees, most of them seriously injured, were transferred to solitary confinement, preventing the injured from being treated and taken to hospital. Following the incident, Gholam-Hossein Mohseni Ejei, as a spokesman for the judiciary, in addition to denying the incident, supported prison officials and threatened to prosecute prisoners and their families for informing the press.

      Sources

      Mohseni Ejei: turmoil creators in Evin will be prosecuted, Fararo, May 2014

       

      https://justice4iran.org/persian/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/ejeei-21.pdf

  • Judiciary's First Deputy, National (August 2013- present)
  • Head of the IRIB Supervisory Council, National (June 2015- Present)
These violations may only be part of the human rights violations that this person has been involved in. The investigation into this person's human rights record is ongoing.